If you only have one single (I assume stereo) track there’s no way to mix anything since mixing is about merging multiple tracks - but you can (if you still have your patches) multitrack your patch’s raw outputs to your DAW and then do the final mix in it (Ardour is great for this kind of jobs).
With regard to mastering, it’s not only a rather difficult job that requires both deep specific technical and psycho-acoustical knowledge and lot of experience, but also something that’s better done with fresh ears and some perspective. IOW, if you want a proper professional mastering job, better to have it done by a proper mastering engineer (not one of those “online automagic mastering” scams).
Now if you really want to give it a try, you’ll mostly need a couple compressors (one transparent and one with some character), a good transparent EQ and a limiter - and of course something to apply them to your tracks. Oh and yes: the best professional monitoring and acoustic you can get, because it’s really bordering on precision surgery (think EQs by half a db here, perhaps one db and a half there, very subtle compression settings etc).
Actually, except for the monitoring, you don’t need to invest into anything special, here again Ardour with some free plugins is a perfectly legit solution. The main issues are not about some specific specialized software or hardware, but about knowing how to use compression and EQ and what to aim for in terms of result. The goals of mastering (well, we should actually say “pre-mastering” - the mastering itself consist in producing a physical master for vinyl or CD reproduction) are 1/ fixing tonal balance issues, 2/ controlling the dynamic in a way that suits the tracks, 3/ making sure the tracks match well with one another and 4/ making sure the end result matches some required technical specifications (bit depth, resolution, dithering, correct max peak level etc). There are a couple decent tutorials on the topic - like the “mastering essentials” serie on Sound On Sound’s YT channel or Steve Void’s quick “home mastering” tutorial on subsekt.com - and, as usual, tons of more than useless ones made by peoples that know zilch about the topic.
Now if you’re serious about your release and not totally broke, you’d still better pay a real mastering engineer. FWIW Steve Void (black monolith studio) does a really good job and is not charging too much (free advising - I do not earn a dime on it, I don’t even know the guy IRL, but I’ve been more than pleased with what he did on some of my projects).